Globe and Mail special highlights Canada’s north
January 20, 2014
The Globe and Mail has extensive coverage on the North in its Saturday edition. It’s worth a read.
Here are a few complementary observations:
- 1.Vast geography. Astounding that a third of Canada’s landmass only has 100,000 inhabitants.
- 2.It’s expensive. Food, shelter, automobile, heating. Generally speaking its all much more in the north.
- 3.Higher wages. Most professionals earn more in the north than in the south.
- 4.Telecommunications. The east is all served by satellite; the west by a terrestrial network. The costs are much higher generally, and very much so with satellite.
- 5.There are 2 operating mines in Yukon, 4 in NWT and one in Nunavut.
- 6.The North is largely funded by federal transfers that amount to about $3.5B/ year.
- 7.It’s cold. This means a highly seasonal economy exists. Summer in some locales is June-September.
- 8.First Nations and Inuit people form 25% of the population in Yukon, 50% in NWT and 90% in Nunavut.
- 9.Energy production is by hydro in Yukon, mixed in NWT and wholly diesel in Nunavut.
- 10.Land claims and self-government agreements exist for 11/14 Yukon First Nations; 4/7 NWT First Nations organizations and in Nunavut.
- 11.Most of the tourists come to the Yukon, roughly 336,000 ‘border crossings’ in 2013 by bus, plane, train and car. This is way more than NWT/Nunavut tourism combined.
- 12.You cannot drive to the Arctic Ocean in the summer. They are just starting to build the road to Tuk from Inuvik.
- 13.There are no roads into Nunavut.
- 14.The NWT produces most of North America’s diamonds, about 15% of the world’s supply. The Yukon has Canada’s only silver mine, but it is in shutdown.
- 15. Beaucoup de monde parle fraincais au Yukon.
- 16.First Nations and Inuit organizations, their development corporations employ hundreds of people in the north. There are more than 200 entities.
Kudos to the Globe for highlighting the north.